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I've only been teaching for four years, but in this short period of time, my classroom management style has changed drastically. My first year, I used a card pulling system, and my second year I used some counting techniques in addition to that. Half way through my second year, I stumbled upon some information about responsive classroom techniques and positive discipline on Proteacher. After trying out some new ideas, I have finally found my management style, and I love it!
Nowadays, my classroom management is centered around daily classroom meetings and problem-solving. My students learn to monitor and change their own behavior through role-playing, responding to literature, and lots of student-centered conversation about the way we want our classroom to be. We no longer use cards, clips, rewards, or punishments, and the result has been much less stress for me:).
At the beginning of the year, my students and I first talk about our hopes and dreams for the school year. We talk about the kind of classroom we want to have, and then we discuss a plan for creating that environment. We make our class rules through a series of discussions and brainstorming sessions. First, I have my students list all of the rules they think we might want to have in our room. Then, we go back and categorize the rules. Most of our rules fit under the same broad categories, so my rules are pretty similar from year to year. After giving each category of rules a title, we phrase the rules into "Our Class Promise," which is hung as an anchor chart and signed by everyone in the class (including me). The picture above is of our class promise from a few years ago--I wasn't as specific with it then.
Every day during our class meeting time, we read our rules together (this year, I'm hoping to add actions to the rules so they will be more easily remembered by my kinesthetic learners). Here is an example of my classroom's promise: We promise...to be safe and careful, to be kind and respectful in our words and actions, to do our best first grade work, and to make ourselves proud by doing the right thing! Notice how that last rule encompasses lots of possibilities:)
When we have problems in the classroom, I try to address them as respectfully as possible, and this can occur in a number of ways. Sometimes, I'll simply ask the child to remember our promise, and this will provide immediate correction. Sometimes, I'll ask a child to cool-down for a minute to reflect on his or her actions. This cool-down is not a punishment, but just a time to rethink, and the students are welcome to rejoin the class when they feel ready. Students sometimes go to cool-down without my asking--this works well for those who need a quiet time to reflect or avoid frustration. In solving behavior problems, I'll also sometimes ask a student if he or she wants the class to help him or her solve the problem, and we'll address it as a class during our daily meeting. The students practice "helping, not hurting," so this is the focus, rather than making the child feel bad. I also use logical consequences such as going back and walking when a student does something like running in the hall.
Here is what you do...talk to the parents and child about three small goals that you would like him or her to focus on. Also discuss a logical consequence that will occur if the child does not exhibit the particular behavior. Furthermore, discuss three rewards the child might like to earn if he or she reaches the goal. Record these items on the behavior chart. During class, monitor the child's behavior in regards to the goals and give him or her a smiley/sad face for every 30 minutes during the school day (I set a timer on the child's desk). In the first two weeks of using the plan, I ask the child to try for 50% achievement. If he or she is consistent in getting 50% smilies, we increase the goal to 75% for a few weeks, and then 95% for another couple of weeks. Each day the child reaches his or her goal, allow him or her to choose one of his or her rewards. I like to use free activities as rewards such as lunch with a friend, computer time, or extra centers time. The behavior plan is sent home each day and returned with a parent signature and comments as necessary.
Because this plan involves teacher effort in monitoring and recording the student behavior, I usually only use this plan with one or two children at a time for about a 2 month period, as needed. I try to remember that the goal is improvement and not perfection, and that it takes time for the students to learn new behaviors.
I know that was a ton of info at once, and really just a big overview, so if you want to learn more about classroom meetings, positive discipline, or responsive classroom techniques, see these wonderful resources, or feel free to ask specific questions and I'll do my best to answer! Also, if you'd like to use any of my documents, you are welcome to click on the pictures above to download them from google docs.
Favorite Responsive Classroom and Positive Discipline Resources: